Madhya Pradesh is a state of India located in the middle of India, whose capital is Bhopal and the largest city is Indore. Due to its status it is also called “the heart of India”. According to the area of Madhya Pradesh, the second largest state is the fifth largest state by population. When Chhattisgarh was part of Madhya Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh was the largest state in India.
History of Madhya Pradesh
- The Bhimbetka cave located in Madhya Pradesh (Madhya Pradesh) is of stone age, from which it is estimated that Madhya Pradesh was in existence 30 thousand BC.
- The population of Madhya Pradesh came first on the banks of Narmada, Chambal and Betwa.
- In the fourth century, in the Panini there was mention of the Avanti Janpad of central India.
- Maurya Dynasty ruled central India 1500 BC.
- The mention of Ujjain city of Madhya Pradesh (Madhya Pradesh) is described in old articles.
- The Gupta empire ruled in the fourth and fifth centuries.
- Most of Madhya Pradesh was in the Mughal Empire during Akbar’s reign.
- Marathas ruled Madhya Pradesh from 1720 to 1760.
- In 1775, the British occupied most of the parts.
- Madhya Pradesh was formed in the year 1956.
- In 1956, Madhya Pradesh, together with Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh and Bhopal, became the state.
- Chhattisgarh was separated from Madhya Pradesh in November 2000.
Geography of Madhya Pradesh
- Madhya Pradesh’s border is in Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh in the southeast, Maharashtra in the south, Gujarat in the west and Rajasthan in the northwest.
- The main rivers of Madhya Pradesh are Narmada, Chambal, Betwa, Sindh, Tapti, Mahanadi and Indravati.
- The major national parks of Madhya Pradesh, Bandhavgarh, Kanha, Satpura, Sanjay, Madhav National Park, One Bihar, Mandal Plant Fosil, Panna, Pench and Dinosaur National Park are.
Culture of Madhya Pradesh
- Kumbh Mela is situated on the banks of the river Shipra every 12 years in Ujjain.
- Located in Madhya Pradesh, Sanchi is a famous building of Buddhist people.
- 12 of Shiv Jyotirling (Omkareshwar and Mahakaleshwar) are in Ujjain.
- Khajuraho temple is famous for its excellent workmanship.
- Many tribals reside in Madhya Pradesh, which are Gund, Bhil, Bagga, Kokru, Bhadia, Call, Malto and Saharia.
- Madhya Pradesh has folk dance, Gangaur, congratulations, Baraudi, Naurita and Bhagoria.
Economic status of Madhya Pradesh
- Madhya Pradesh’s main factory is BHEL of Bhopal, Hoshangabad’s Security Paper Mills, Dewas Bank Note Press, Newsprint Mills of Nepanagar and Alkaloid Factory of Neemuch.
- There is a famous diamond mine in Panna, Madhya Pradesh.
- Balaghat is famous for bauxite, copper and dolomite.
- Betul and Chhatarpur are famous for China clay.
People from Madhya Pradesh
- Chandrasekhar Azad – Independence Fighter
- Kailash Satyarthi – Nobel Prize Winner, Social Worker
- Makhanlal Chaturvedi – Hindi poet
- Sharad Joshi – famous poet and writer
- Arjun Rampal – film actor
- Kishore Kumar – Singer (born in Khandwa district)
- Lata Mangeshkar – Bharat Ratna Singer (born in Indore)
- Joni Walker – Hindi film comedian (born in Indore)
- Jaya Bachchan – former actress (born in Jabalpur)
Transport in Madhya Pradesh
- There is a 99043-km long road network in Madhya Pradesh with 20 National Highways
- There is a 4948 km long railway network in Madhya Pradesh.
- Madhya Pradesh has 20 major railway junctions.
- Devi Ahilyabai Holkar Airport is the busiest airport in Madhya Pradesh.
- Apart from this, King Bhoj International Airport, Dumna Airport, Gwalior Airport and Khajurao Airport.